Figure 63
Leather artifacts in the collection include 12 complete moccasins. The moccasins are adult, Pre-adult (juvenile) and infant sizes. Sandal or moccasin “lasts” are included in the collection. A last is wood or hard leather foot outline around which a sandal or moccasin is fashioned. Some of the moccasins have been decorated by the application of ocher and one is decorated by the in-stitching of porcupine quills. The moccasins are typical Late Archaic, Pre-Pueblo (Fremont) and Ancestral Numic. Other leather goods include a knife scabbard, leather straps, twist leather cordage, and pieces of rabbit and buffalo hide. Vegetation remains in the collection include a complete greasewood bow, arrow shafts, basketry fragments, reed mats or a possible reed skirt with leather straps attached, juniper bark bundles, combined bark and fiber cordage (snares or holding strings), and remains of a cross weave mat or basket. One whole basket and a pine pitch-sealed water jar are included in the collection but are not part of the original Steward materials and may be ethnographic (post-1776) rather than prehistoric. The basketry fragments are split rod and bundle style typical of the Pre-Pueblo (Fremont) Period. Miscellaneous wood fragments include rods used for starting fires and small fragments of wood that have been etched or marked from use. The small human-like wood carving, a very rare prehistoric remain, is included in the collection but its origin is uncertain. There are no other examples of similar human-like carvings documents from the prehistoric Great Basin.